Compares the contents of two files or sets of files to find information that does not match.
COMP [d:][path][filename] [d:][path][filename] [/A] [/C] [/D] [/L] [/N=nnn] [/OFF[LINE]]
Prompt for the file(s) and any options:
Replaced by FC
(Compare two files and display any LINES which do not match) command
in later Versions.
Equivalent Linux BASH commands:
comm - Compare two sorted files line by line
cmp - Compare two files
diff - Display the differences between two files
diff3 - Show differences among three files
sdiff - merge two files interactively
Before starting the comparison, the program checks to see if files contain a valid end-of-file mark. COMP will not compare files that do not contain an end-of-file marker. If a specified file does not contain such a mark, the error message will be displayed:
EOF mark not found
This mark is created by your word processor or other application program to indicate the end of the file. You can create the end- of-file marker by pressing and holding the Ctrl key and then pressing the letter Z key.
The COMP program also checks to make sure the file sizes indicated in the directory are the same for compared files. If the two files have different file lengths, Comp (for v3.20 and later will prompt to see if you want to continue. Prior to v3.20, Comp just quits if the files are different lengths.
If you enter one or more pathnames or filenames after the command name, when you press the Enter key the comparison will begin immediately; therefore, you should make sure the diskette(s) containing the files to be compared are already in the specified drives. If you want to change diskettes after entering the command, enter the command name with no parameters. If you enter the COMP command with no options , the program will prompt you for the file and/or path designations.
First, the program will display:
Enter primary filename
Enter the name of the first file or group of files. Next, the program will display:
Enter 2nd filename or drive ID
After you enter the second filename(s), the program will compare the files, issuing reports on its progress.
If the files are identical, it will report:
Files compare OK
If the files are not identical, it will report on the differences it finds.
COMP will display the memory locations of any portions of the compared files that do not match. After ten mismatches, the program terminates the comparison. The message is displayed:
10 Mismatches - ending compare
After all pairs specified have been compared, COMP will display:
Compare more files (Y/N)?
To enter more files to compare, press the letter Y key. To terminate the comparisons, press the letter N key.
To compare all the files ending in .TXT on drive A with all of the files ending in .TXT on drive B, enter
COMP A:*.TXT B:
To compare all of the files in the LETTERS directory on drive A with all of the files in the LETTERS directory on drive B, enter
COMP A:\LETTERS B:\LETTERS
Every file on drive A with an extension of .DAT is compared against files with the same names on drive C.
COMP A:*.DAT C:*.DAT